Cayo Loco, which is also known variously as "Cayo Güije" or "Cayo Nuevo" is a place shrouded in mystery and legends such as the mystical and fascinating history of the Black Venus, a mute woman, race black, lush body, which dwelt on the key.
In Proceedings Chapter 1813, and refers to the geographic feature that reads as royal. In 1865 the Spanish Navy was interested in him and decided to move its headquarters based in Trinidad, to settle in the Bay of Cienfuegos, for its natural features. Here lies firmly in the history of what happened on September 5, 1957 in this city, is located as well as the "Maritime Museum" site and important reference for Cienfuegos.
After the military coup on March 10, 1952 in Cuba, the popular uprising in the city of Cienfuegos, the center of the country, the September 5, 1957, occupies a prominent place in the struggle to overthrow the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista .
Most strikingly, the uprising of September 5 Cuban in that city was the popular support: the people en masse took to the streets. From the political point of view, proved the absence of the vaunted monolithic unity between the army, police and navy boasted that Batista, because the latter had been able to take up arms against the other two. This caused a huge internal division within the armed forces and, of course, deeply weakened the regime.
The city of Cienfuegos, which now stands majestic and proud of its history, each September 5 exalted there who helped forge the sparks of freedom, it was definitively conquered the first of January 1959.
The Cienfuegos Naval Historical Museum is the only of its kind in Cuba, and is located in Cayo Loco, on the shores of Jagua Bay, in what was once South Naval District. Its historical value is given by the fact that there occurred the uprising of September 5, 1957 against the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista, whose history is given in detail in one of its rooms showing since pre-Columbian man's relationship with the sea , to this day.
The institution was founded on September 5, 1980 and to explore its various rooms, the visitor has the possibility to appreciate the naval history in Cuba, which have a high historical, artistic and documentary, coherent, whose subject stands revealed everything about raids by corsairs and pirates, sea battles and the U.S. aggression against our country.
One of its space is devoted to natural history of the formation of the earth, rocks, marine fossils and several collections of different species of fauna and flora of this habitat. It has function rooms that are exposed in issues related to environment and navigation ancient instruments, the replica of the bridge of a ship, and the various international systems of marine signage.
In addition, samples are also displayed testimonials from the evolution and development of the various institutions involved in maritime activities from 1 January 1959. A diverse sample of contemporary art with a maritime theme as center, mainly works of art by artists from the territory, can be admired in one of the rooms. The most relevant and visited the museum dedicated to what constitutes reflect the events of September 5, starring popular feat in 1957 by the Cienfuegos.
It was precisely in the center of the museum, then south naval district, where the uprising began when the enclave was captured by insurgents linked to sea July 26 Movement, with Lieutenant Dionisio San Román in front.
In the "Naval History Museum" in Cienfuegos usually develop symposiums, scientific conferences, meetings with the story, and competitions in the culinary arts, demonstrating its high level of didacticism and interaction for visitors.
Eclectic style, with Renaissance influences, is a building of two-level entry, with a pedestrian and vehicular, and two two-storey buildings in a horseshoe shape, with a central courtyard, in accessible areas, the architect Daniel Taboada and sculptor Lecour Evelio dedicated in 1977, a war memorial to the heroic deeds of September 5.
In 1919 during the pseudo republic navy settled there to guard the southern coast of the country and became the largest naval base in the Midwest. The constitutional Navy was established in 1935 as the U.S. Navy was in charge of military readiness of its occupants and increase its military arsenal and as naval district in the south.
After the revolutionary triumph hosted the Rebel army commander and then as a school of fishermen remained until 1979, when he was assigned to Naval Historical Museum to present the development of water sports, commercial and fishing port. All who visit this National Heritage institution, you may receive instruction from the standpoint of scientific, historical and cultural.