Martin Infierno Cave
Martin Infierno Cave is located in the province of Cienfuegos, in the municipality of Cumanayagua and specifically in the area known as "El Colorado". This cave and its surroundings are a natural site of incomparable charm, beauty and its attractive also for the potential of geographical sciences and caving. This cave treasures inside a sizable stalagmite, which has been corroborated by many experts as one of the largest in the world.
Is known of the existence of the Martín Infierno Cave since 1967, when it was first explored. The name of the cave comes from a legend of oral transmission, and it has a slave named Martin escaped from a ranch located in Trinidad.
Another legend that might influence the recreation of the name, is one in which the locals allege that some of their wells could go to the Devil himself. At first there he began to call Martin Hell and then began to call themselves now known: Cueva Martín Infierno.
The cave is located about 650 meters above sea level is 793 meters long, and since entering the bottom has a gap or difference of 197 meters. The cave consists of large cavities inclined to develop in two directions NW-SE and NS. The training consists of caving spacious lounges that contain unique mineralogical formations in the country.
The cave is unique compound calcium formations in Cuba, called "gypsum flowers." It also has a colony of bats such as "Butterfly", which are the smallest in the world and for which the cave is a natural refuge irreplaceable.
Vegetation where the cave is datifolio and evergreen tropical forests, both of type mountain river, the most abundant trees are cedar, mahogany, the seedbed, the Guásima, the Yagruma, the ocuje, Guarana and Royal Palm and others.
Knowledge of the existence of a considerable proportion stalagmite condition that a new expedition in 2005. Noting that the stalagmite researchers was the oldest of America and Cuba, and actually measured 67.2 meters. Researchers also corroborated the existence of two calcium deposition formations smaller, which measured 45 and 35 feet respectively, according to the Speleological Society of Cuba.
A Martín Infierno Cave can only be accessed through mountain trails. The very topography of geographical location determines that the roads are steep and dangerous slope. The entrances to the cave settlements are linked to "El Naranjo" by the North and "Colorado" by the South.
For all that this important training hoards calcium were declared a National Monument in 1990. Martin Hell is now a reference site for scientific research, especially to learn and understand many aspects of the regional geological evolution and Cuba, debit this study the possibilities of offering their premises and calcium formations relatively untouched.