Cienfuegos City"The Perl of the South"
The Cienfuegos City is located in the central-south region of Cuba, bathed by the clear and blue waters of the Caribbean Sea. Was founded in 1819 by Frenchman Luis Declouet under the name of Fernandina de Jagua. Limit at north with Villa Clara, at west with Matanzas and at east with Sancti Spíritus. The Cienfuegos City is also known as "The Pearl of the South" or "The beautiful city of the sea" because its majestic architecture and the stunning beauty of its bay.
Founded in the second decade of the nineteenth century by French colonists. The city retains a Gallic influence with its straight streets and eclectic style buildings. On its constructions, parks, plazas and monuments you can notice the sum of the neoclassical, art nouveau and art deco styles. This universe of shapes and colors led UNESCO to declare it as a cultural and architectural heritage of humanity.
On its architecture highlights the long Paseo del Prado and the always lively Boulevard San Fernando. Also the impressive Jose Marti park, considered one of the most beautiful and well preserved in Cuba. The Cathedral with its asymmetric towers, the Government's Palace with its huge dome, the Ferrer Palace with Catalan influence and the Tomas Terry Theather from 1890.
To the south, the malecon and the sea link the Historic Center with the residential area of Punta Gorda. Highlighting the Club of Cienfuegos, the elegant Hotel Jagua and the Palacio del Valle, an elegant eclectic mansion that combines the styles of Mudejar, Byzantine, Venetian, Gothic and Baroque. An the end, La Punta, unique set of wooden buildings with influence of the North American and Caribbean architecture.
The Bay of Cienfuegos or Jagua Bay has 22 km long (north-south) and an approximate of 13 km width (east-west). This bay of deep waters allow the entry of deep-draft vessels and has one of the most important port complexes in the country. The Cienfuegos's Marina can be found there with 30 berths for boats and potable water services, fuel, electricity, security and customhouse.
The ancient fortress of Nuestra Señora de los Angeles de Jagua is one of the oldest symbols of the city. Its located in the entrance channel to the bay and invites us to get into the eighteenth century, when corsairs and pirates were the threat of these seas. Founded in 1745 with the aim of serving to defend the city. It was declared a National Monument on October 10, 1978 and opened as a museum on March 24, 1998.
Cienfuegos has a solid infrastructure of hotels, led by the renowned Hotel Jagua. The city owns the Hotel Palacio Azul, first Hotel Encanto in the country. Other Hotels Encanto in the city are Hotel La Union and Hotel Casa Verde.
Its beautiful, rich and diverse nature include the system of waterfalls and little lakes named El Nicho, the Botanical Garden (with over 2000 species and one of the best collections of palms trees in the world), La Hacienda La Vega and La Laguna Guanaroca. On the coast are located more than 30 dive sites, offering visitors beautiful seabed, between them stand out the Coral Notredame, named for its resemblance to the Cathedral of Paris, of 8.6 meters, the largest in Latin America.
Undoubtedly, Cienfuegos is one of the most special places in Cuba, where converge the majesty of its architecture, the richness and variety of nature, the joy of its people and its solid tourist infrastructure.